Mycotoxins

Mycotoxins

Prevention is the only solution! Mycotoxicosis is the group of diseases and disorders in animals and humans caused by toxic secondary metabolites (mycotoxins). Mycotoxins are produced by various Fungi species. Mycotoxins can be divided into groups based on origin of development:
  • Field
  • Storage

ORIGIN MOULD MYCOTOXIN
FIELD Fusarium
Zearalenone
T-2 Toxin
Fumonisins
DON (Deoxynivalenol)
Claviceps Ergot Alkaloids
STORAGE Aspergillus
Aflatoxins
Ochratoxins
Penecillium
Ochratoxins
Citrinin
MYCOTOXICOSIS CLINICAL SIGNS
CLINICAL SIGNS PATHOMORPHOLOGICAL SIGNS
Aflatoxin B1
High mortality
Misbirths
Low food utilization
Decreased food intake
Carcinogenicity

Lighter color of the liver (yellow - ocher)

Bleeding on the liver surface

Fatty infiltration of the liver Increase of kidney relative weight (broilers)

Fatty infiltration

Nephrosis (turkeys) mage

Damage to the nervous system

Zearalenon
Vulvovaginitis
Enlarged uterus
Sterility
Testicular atrophy(boars)
Misbirths
Diarea
Weight loss
Splayleged piglets

Vulvovaginits - sows

Splaylegged piglets

Ohratoxin A
Renalfailure
Polyuria
Polydipsia
Weak growth
Conversion increase
Diarea

Liver demage - pigs

Hemouria - pigs

Trihotecenes
Hemorrage and enteritis
Reduced consumption
Vomit
Full food refusal
Immunosuppression
Changes in the liver (fatty dystrophy)
Inflammation, and mucosa of the mouth necrosis
Intestinal villus atrophy
Kidney necrosis
Degenerative changes of the heart
Cystic degeneration of ovaries

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