Mycotoxins

Mycotoxins

Prevention is the only solution! Mycotoxicosis is the group of diseases and disorders in animals and humans caused by toxic secondary metabolites (mycotoxins). Mycotoxins are produced by various Fungi species. Mycotoxins can be divided into groups based on origin of development:
  • Field
  • Storage

ORIGIN MOULD MYCOTOXIN
FIELD Fusarium
Zearalenone
T-2 Toxin
Fumonisins
DON (Deoxynivalenol)
Claviceps Ergot Alkaloids
STORAGE Aspergillus
Aflatoxins
Ochratoxins
Penecillium
Ochratoxins
Citrinin

  • The presence of moulds doesn't necessarily imply the presence of mycotoxins.
  • On the other hand, mycotoxins can be present even without the visual presence of moulds.
  • At a certain stage of plant development, moulds can produce mycotoxins, which persist even when the moulds have been destroyed.

MYCOTOXICOSIS EFFECTS ON POULTRY – CLINICAL SIGNS
CLINICAL SIGNS PATHOMORPHOLOGICAL SIGNS
Aflatoxin B1
Weight loss
Loss of apetite
CNS disorders (ducks and turkeys)
Leg weakness and wings relaxed
Blood coagulation diorders
Disorder of metabolism of vitamin B and amino acids
Immunosuppression
Poor growth – brollers

Liver damage (fatty infiltration)

Kidney damage(nephrosis)

Damage to blood flow(Anemia, Hemorrhages in muscles)

Zearalenon
Less sensitive
OCHRATOXIN A
Polydipsia
Poor egg shell quality
Load reduction
Consumption reduction
Immunosuppression

Pale and enlarged kidneys

Degeneration of the tubules

Hemorrhages (broilers)

Fatty degeneration of liver

Trichotecenes
Leather and oral lesions
Reducing the weight of the eggs
Increase number of soft-shell eggs
Immunosuppression
Performance loss
Changes in the liver (fatty dystrophy)
Inflammation, and mucosa of the mouth necrosis
Intestinal villus atrophy
Kidney necrosis
Degenerative changes of the heart
Cystic degeneration of ovaries

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